FiddlerScript学习一:修改Request或Response

前两天因项目需要,简单看了一下FiddlerScript,功能挺强的,今天有时间仔细看一下,做个笔记。
修改Request或Response
修改Request和Response要在FiddlerScript中的OnBeforeRequest和OnBeforeResponse函数中添加规则即可。OnBeforeRequest函数是在每次请求之前调用,OnBeforeResponse函数是在每次响应之前调用。

添加请求头Header

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oSession.oRequest["NewHeaderName"] = "New header value";

删除Response的Header

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oSession.oResponse.headers.Remove("Set-Cookie");

将请求从一个页面转发到同一Server上的另一页面

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if (oSession.PathAndQuery=="/hello/hello.html") {  
oSession.PathAndQuery="/hello/index.html";
}

注意:oSession.PathAndQuery的值为fiddler中session列表中的Url:

即图中红色标注出来的部分。图中黄色标注出来的部分有点特殊,host为Tunnel to ,url为另一host。查看该请求的Header为:

这种特殊情况会在下面还有例子。
上面的例子,拦截请求地址为/hello/hello.html的请求,并将其转发到相同Server的/hello/index.html

将请求转发到相同端口号的不同服务器(修改请求的Host)

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if(oSession.HostnameIs("www.baidu.com")){  
oSession.hostname = "www.sina.com.cn";
}

这个例子是将发送到百度的请求转发到新浪,则会提示页面不存在。这里只是改变了host,并不改变后面的地址,因此,如果在新浪上不存在相应的页面。如下面图片所示:
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如果我访问的是如下地址:http://www.baidu.com/link?url=CQuVpjo9u9UQADcstwECPEmrziPMk5u5H9PlRN2TbWLkKZaxafVER2X8OEYzovr-yasX2Fwcgj0NANBtKVj0gN78jNJ3bXTmIsTeBk7hXem
则结果如下:(该页面实际是存在的,是百度搜索出来的结果页面,被fiddler转发到新浪,但是新浪上不存的此页面)

将请求转发到不同端口号,不同Server

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if (oSession.host=="192.168.0.70:8080") {  
oSession.host="192.168.0.69:8020";
}

这个例子是将发送到192.168.0.70:8080的请求转发到192.168.0.69:8020,这里只是改变host,并不改变后面的请求地址。例如,做以上的规则后,我请求的是:
http://192.168.0.70:8080/hello/hello.html

而实际我项目部署到的是:192.168.0.69:8020

将所有请求从一个服务器转发到另一个服务器,包括Https

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// Redirect traffic, including HTTPS tunnels  
if (oSession.HTTPMethodIs("CONNECT") && (oSession.PathAndQuery == "www.example.com:443")) {
oSession.PathAndQuery = "beta.example.com:443";
}

if (oSession.HostnameIs("www.example.com")) oSession.hostname = "beta.example.com";

Simulate the Windows HOSTS file, by pointing one Hostname to a different IP address. (Retargets without changing the request’s Host header)

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// All requests for subdomain.example.com should be directed to the development server at 128.123.133.123  
if (oSession.HostnameIs("subdomain.example.com")){
oSession.bypassGateway = true; // Prevent this request from going through an upstream proxy
oSession["x-overrideHost"] = "128.123.133.123"; // DNS name or IP address of target server
}

Retarget requests for a single page to a different page, potentially on a different server. (Retargets by changing the request’s Host header)

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if (oSession.url=="www.example.com/live.js") {  
oSession.url = "dev.example.com/workinprogress.js";
}

Prevent upload of HTTP Cookies

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oSession.oRequest.headers.Remove("Cookie");

Decompress and unchunk a HTTP response, updating headers if needed

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// Remove any compression or chunking from the response in order to make it easier to manipulate  
oSession.utilDecodeResponse();

Search and replace in HTML.

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if (oSession.HostnameIs("www.bayden.com") && oSession.oResponse.headers.ExistsAndContains("Content-Type","text/html")){  
oSession.utilDecodeResponse();
oSession.utilReplaceInResponse('<b>','<u>');
}

Case insensitive Search of response HTML.

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if (oSession.oResponse.headers.ExistsAndContains("Content-Type", "text/html") && oSession.utilFindInResponse("searchfor", false)>-1){  
oSession["ui-color"] = "red";
}

Remove all DIV tags (and content inside the DIV tag)

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// If content-type is HTML, then remove all DIV tags  
if (oSession.oResponse.headers.ExistsAndContains("Content-Type", "html")){
// Remove any compression or chunking
oSession.utilDecodeResponse();
var oBody = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetString(oSession.responseBodyBytes);

// Replace all instances of the DIV tag with an empty string
var oRegEx = /<div[^>]*>(.*?)<\/div>/gi;
oBody = oBody.replace(oRegEx, "");

// Set the response body to the div-less string
oSession.utilSetResponseBody(oBody);
}

Pretend your browser is the GoogleBot webcrawler

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oSession.oRequest["User-Agent"]="Googlebot/2.X (+http://www.googlebot.com/bot.html)";

Request Hebrew content

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oSession.oRequest["Accept-Language"]="he";

Deny .CSS requests

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if (oSession.uriContains(".css")){  
oSession["ui-color"]="orange";
oSession["ui-bold"]="true";
oSession.oRequest.FailSession(404, "Blocked", "Fiddler blocked CSS file");
}

Simulate HTTP Basic authentication (Requires user to enter a password before displaying web content.)

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if ((oSession.HostnameIs("www.example.com")) &&   
!oSession.oRequest.headers.Exists("Authorization"))
{
// Prevent IE's "Friendly Errors Messages" from hiding the error message by making response body longer than 512 chars.
var oBody = "<html><body>[Fiddler] Authentication Required.<BR>".PadRight(512, ' ') + "</body></html>";
oSession.utilSetResponseBody(oBody);
// Build up the headers
oSession.oResponse.headers.HTTPResponseCode = 401;
oSession.oResponse.headers.HTTPResponseStatus = "401 Auth Required";
oSession.oResponse["WWW-Authenticate"] = "Basic realm=\"Fiddler (just hit Ok)\"";
oResponse.headers.Add("Content-Type", "text/html");
}

Respond to a request with a file loaded from the \Captures\Responses folder (Can be placed in OnBeforeRequest or OnBeforeResponse function)

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if (oSession.PathAndQuery=="/version1.css") {  
oSession["x-replywithfile"] ="version2.css";

以上例子我并没有都实践,只实践了中间几个地址转发的,因为现在需要用。剩下的请大家有需要的自己实践吧。

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